Mostrando entradas de junio, 2019

Libro "Web Accessibility - A Foundation for Research"

El libro  Web Accessibility - A Foundation for Research se acaba de publicar. El contenido del libro es: Front Matter Pages i-xxiii Understanding Disabilities Front Matter Pages 1-1 Visual Disabilities Armando Barreto, Scott Hollier Pages 3-17 Physical Disabilities Shari Trewin Pages 19-33 Deafness and Hearing Loss Raja Kushalnagar Pages 35-47 Cognitive and Learning Disabilities Lisa Seeman, Clayton Lewis Pages 49-58 Situationally-Induced Impairments and Disabilities Jacob O. Wobbrock Pages 59-92 Ageing and Older Adults Sri Kurniawan, Andrew Arch, Sean-Ryan Smith Pages 93-119 Speech and Language Abi Roper, Stephanie Wilson, Timothy Neate, Jane Marshall Pages 121-131 Conducting Research Front Matter Pages 133-133 Inclusive Writing Tom Babinszki, Anna Cavender, Michael Gower, Jeffery Hoehl, Darcy Lima, Erich Manser et al. Pages 135-152 Working With Participants Christopher Power, Helen Petrie Pages 153-168 Working with Companies, Charities and Governmental Organisations Andrew Arch, Lis

La importancia de nombrar las cosas para mejorar la accesibilidad web

En  Naming things to improve accessibility se explica: One thing you can do to improve the accessibility of your work is to always ensure things have accessible names. Unique and useful names, ideally, so that they can be used for navigation. In this post I’ll explain how browsers decide on the names for links, form fields, tables and form groups. Accessibility Tree When a user accesses your site, the server will send markup to the browser. This gets turned into trees. We’re probably all familiar with the DOM tree, a live representation of your markup, with all nodes turned into objects that we can read properties of and perform all sorts of functions on. What many people don’t know, is that there is a second structure that the browser can generate: the accessibility tree. It is based off the DOM tree, and contains all meta information relation related to accessibility: roles, names and properties. Another way to say it: the accessibility tree is how your page gets exposed to assistiv

Reproductor de vídeo que permite seleccionar capítulos

En  Building Interactive HTML5 Videos podemos encontrar un reproductor multimedia que permite seleccionar los capítulos del vídeo, para saltar fácilmente entre secciones de un vídeo. Y en  Adding captions and subtitles to HTML5 video se explica cómo gestionar los subtítulos desde JavaScript.

Guía de creación de subtítulos de la BBC

BBC Subtitle Guidelines : Subtitles are primarily intended to serve viewers with loss of hearing, but they are used by a wide range of people: around 10% of broadcast viewers use subtitles regularly, increasing to 35% for some online content. The majority of these viewers are not hard of hearing.  This document describes 'closed' subtitles only, also known as 'closed captions'. Typically delivered as a separate file, closed subtitles can be switched off by the user and are not 'burnt in' to the image.  The Subtitle Guidelines describe best practice for authoring subtitles and provide instructions for making subtitle files for the BBC. This document brings together documents previously published by Ofcom and the BBC and is intended to serve as the basis for all subtitle work across the BBC: prepared and live, online and broadcast, internal and supplied.

El papel de los traductores en la inclusión de las personas con discapacidad

La semana pasada asistí a las  III Jornadas INCLUTRAD de Accesibilidad, Discapacidad y Traducción , organizadas por la Universidad Pablo de Olavide en Sevilla Ramón Rodríguez, director de proyectos globales de la Fundación Universia presentó el IV Estudio Universidad y Discapacidad . Según este estudio, un 1,5% de la población universitaria presenta una discapacidad. El tipo de discapacidad más frecuente es la física con un 55,9%, seguida de las discapacidades psicosociales con un 26,5% y las discapacidades sensoriales con un 17,4%. Las jornadas se retransmitieron en directo por Internet. En todo momento hubo interpretación a la lengua de signos española. También se utilizó el sistema Webcaptioner para ofrecer transcripción en vivo. Más información: Sitio web de las jornadas . CERMI Andalucía participa mañana en Sevilla en la Inauguración de las III Jornadas ‘Inclutrad’ sobre Accesibilidad, Discapacidad y Traducción . III Jornadas INCLUTRAD 2019 .

La primera regla de ARIA

Conviene recordar la primera regla de WAI-ARIA ( 2.1 First Rule of ARIA Use ): If you can use a native HTML element [HTML51] or attribute with the semantics and behavior you require already built in, instead of re-purposing an element and adding an ARIA role, state or property to make it accessible, then do so.  Under what circumstances may this not be possible? If the feature is available in HTML [HTML51] but it is not implemented or it is implemented, but accessibility support is not. If the visual design constraints rule out the use of a particular native element, because the element cannot be styled as required. If the feature is not currently available in HTML.

III Jornadas Inclutrad de Accesibilidad, Discapacidad y Traducción (INCLUTAD 2019)

La Universidad Pablo de Olavide (UPO) de Sevilla organiza las  III Jornadas Inclutrad de Accesibilidad, Discapacidad y Traducción (INCLUTAD 2019)  los días 13 y 14 de junio de 2019. El jueves 13, a las 18 horas, impartiré la conferencia "La accesibilidad de los sitios web como recurso fundamental de información y formación". En  EL PRESIDENTE DEL CERMI ANDALUCÍA INTERVIENE ESTE JUEVES EN SEVILLA EN LAS III JORNADAS INCLUTRAD SOBRE ACCESIBILIDAD, DISCAPACIDAD Y TRADUCCIÓN y en Cermi y la Universidad Pablo de Olavide organizan unas jornadas sobre accesibilidad, discapacidad y traducción  podemos leer más sobre este evento.

Requisitos de WCAG sobre el contraste y el color

En  Understanding WCAG 2 Contrast and Color Requirements , se explican los requisitos de WCAG relacionados con el contraste y el color.

No hay que confiar ciegamente en las herramientas automáticas de evaluación de la accesibilidad web

En  Automated Lies, with one line of code se da una buena explicación de los problemas o de las cosas que no hacen las herramientas automáticas de evaluación de la accesibilidad web: It should be universally understood that automated testing tools cannot offer complete test coverage for all possible accessibility issues on the web. Therefore it stands to reason that if you cannot automatically find all your site’s accessibility issues, you certainly cannot automatically fix all of them, either. This is extraordinarily simple logic. In fact, automatically fixing issues is even less likely to be successful than finding them. This fact is demonstrated within Mallet. While Mallet is extremely good at finding & fixing some issues, it is still limited to around 2-dozen types of ‘fixes’ that work on their own without any configuration. The remainder of Mallet’s fixes require some level of configuration. To put this into perspective, Tenon.io has approximately 200 accessibility tests that

Cómo construir un sitio web que sea 100% accesible y que realmente no lo sea

En  Building the most inaccessible site possible with a perfect Lighthouse score desarrollan un ejercicio muy interesante: cómo crear un sitio web que sea lo más inaccesible posible pero que obtenga una puntuación perfecta en una herramienta automática de evaluación de la accesibilidad.

El símbolo universal de discapacidad

En  Does the universal symbol for disability need to be rethought? se explica el origen del símbolo universal de discapacidad y se discute la necesidad de adecuarlo a la sociedad actual: Ninety-three percent of people with disabilities don’t use a wheelchair, even though the universal symbol that identifies this group is a person in a wheelchair. Liam Riddler, a creative at London’s McCann office, points to his brother, who suffers from Crohn’s disease–a condition that causes inflammation of the digestive tract, potentially causing pain, severe diarrhea, fatigue, weight loss, and malnutrition. It’s an invisible disability: Nobody would know about it by looking at him. Most people don’t understand why he may need to use accessible toilets or take advantage of priority seating. Public ignorance of these invisible disabilities and the discrimination that results is what prompted Riddler and his colleague–McCann London’s deputy of art Lisa Carrana–to ask an obvious but difficult question: