Promoting digital inclusion, the European Union has taken measures in a variety of areas including electronic communications, digital public services, audio-visual media services, ebooks, eCommerce and ICT equipment:
The Web Accessibility Directive establishes common accessibility requirements enabling everyone to read, understand, and complete administrative procedures on public sector websites and mobile applications.
The European Electronic Communications Code ensures that everyone has access to affordable electronic communications services, including emergency services.
The recently revised Audiovisual Media Services Directive (AVMSD) covers the means to achieve accessibility such as with sign language, subtitling for the deaf and hard of hearing and audio descriptions for both television broadcasting (i.e. linear services) and video on demand (VOD).
The eIDAS Regulation (on electronic identification and trust services for electronic transactions in the internal market) requires that trust services provided and end-user products be accessible for persons with disabilities, such as with eSignatures which aid in signing legal documents and email in a paperless manner.
The Marrakesh Directive and Regulation (2017) aim to facilitate the access to print works, including e-books, in formats adapted for persons who are blind, visually impaired or those who have difficulties reading.
Whilst complementing the above legislative measures, the European Accessibility Act, sets common accessibility requirements including a number of key ICT products and services.common accessibility requirements including a number of key ICT products and services.
accessiBe es una herramienta mágica por todo lo que promete: accessiBe is transforming web accessibility by replacing a costly, manual process with automated, state-of-the-art AI technology. Using the contextual understanding and image recognition, acessiBe’s AI scans and analyzes websites to learn what elements and functionality they include, and adjusts them to blind users’ screen-readers. ¿Será verdad?
Dos estudios recientes (tienen menos de 6 meses) sobre la accesibilidad de las páginas web: The WebAIM Million - An annual accessibility analysis of the top 1,000,000 home pages We Analyzed 10,000,000 Pages and Here’s Where Most Fail with ADA and WCAG 2.1 Compliance
En Using ARIA : First Rule of ARIA: If you can use a native HTML element or attribute with the semantics and behavior you require already built in, instead of re-purposing an element and adding an ARIA role, state or property to make it accessible, then do so. Second Rule of ARIA Use: Do not change native semantics, unless you really have to. Third Rule of ARIA Use: All interactive ARIA controls must be usable with the keyboard. Fourth Rule of ARIA Use: Do not use role="presentation" or aria-hidden="true" on a focusable element. Fifth Rule of ARIA Use: All interactive elements must have an accessible name. Y en español: Primera regla de ARIA: si puede usar un elemento o atributo HTML nativo con la semántica y el comportamiento que ya necesita, en lugar de reutilizar un elemento y agregar un rol, estado o propiedad de ARIA para hacerlo accesible, entonces hágalo. Segunda regla de ARIA: no cambie la semántica nativa, a menos que realmente tenga que hacerlo. Tercera re