Una pequeña introducción a la discapacidad cognitiva

En An Introductory Guide to Understanding Cognitive Disabilities se muestra algunos ejemplos de las diferentes discapacidades cognitivas:

  • Aphasia Speaking (finding words), writing or understanding language
  • Autism May have difficulty understanding some communications or social interactions
  • Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder Focusing and Keeping Attention
  • Dyslexia Recognizing letters and words
  • Dyscalculia Recognizing numbers and symbols
  • Intellectual “intellectual functioning (such as learning, problem-solving, judgment) and/or adaptive functioning (activities of daily life such as communication and independent living)” – American Psychiatric Association
  • Memory Loss Difficult time remembering past events, new events, or both

Y los problemas que pueden experimentar:

  • Attention – ability to focus and keep focused on the current task
  • Processing Speed – the rate at which the brain handles information
  • Short-Term Memory – the ability to retain information for short periods of time
  • Long-Term Memory – the ability to store and recall information for later use
  • Logic & Reasoning – the ability to reason, prioritize and plan
  • Language Processing – the ability to recognize letters and words and the ability to understand written or spoken language
  • Math Processing – the ability to recognize numbers and symbols and the ability to understand and calculate simple math


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